The term scholarly sources is a blanket term that is often used interchangeably with academic sources and peer-reviewed sources - and they typically have the following qualities:
Typically, academic journals contain scholarly sources called academic articles. Academic articles are going to be your go to resource for scholarly material.
Why bother or care about scholarly sources?
Sure - you could write a paper just using background information while not really saying anything new. It would, in essence, be a book report that reiterates what is already known about a subject. Those kinds of papers are boring - they are boring to write, and they are boring to read.
Types of Psychology Journal Articles
Scholarly psychology journals usually feature two types of articles:
Quick Indicators of Original Research Studies
Read the ABSTRACT of an article before diving into it completely and then give the article a quick once over. You are looking for keywords such as:
Adapted from “What is Original Research?” http://libguides.unf.edu/originalresearch
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