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Brief Overview of Web Accessibility
Web Accessibility: The inclusive practice of removing barriers that prevent interaction with, or access to, websites by people with disabilities (webaim.org)
- This means that websites, tools, and technologies are designed for people with disabilities to use them.
- Users should have equal access to information and functionality.
- ADA and Sections 504 and 508 of the Rehabilitation Act prohibit discrimination of individuals based on their disability.
- Web Accessibility addresses the needs for users in the major disability categories
- Visual (think about screen readers)
- Hearing (think about closed-captioning)
- Motor (think about keyboard or alternate inputs)
- Cognitive (think about alternate/flexible formats)
W3C: World Wide Web Consortium develops international standards for the web.
- Users of assistive technologies cannot access web content equitably if the content is not accessible.
WCAG: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
- WCAG 2.0 Success criteria
- Four principles (POUR); 12 guidelines
- Perceivable- Content must be made available to users in a format they can perceive with their senses
- Operable- Content must be presented in a way users can interact with or operate on it with either standard or adaptive devices
- Understandable- Content must be presented in a way users can understand or comprehend
- Robust- Content must be presented using technologies and interfaces robust enough to allow for disability access, whether natively or in alternative technologies and interfaces
- Conformance levels: A, AA, AAA
- Section 508 compliance adopted WCAG 2.0 standards at the AA conformance level. This means that the most common barriers to web accessibility are removed.
- WCAG 2.1 includes guidelines for mobile accessibility added in June 2018.
Keeping Web Accessibility in Mind
Frederick Community College prohibits discrimination against any person on the basis of age, ancestry, citizenship status, color, creed, ethnicity, gender identity and expression, genetic information, marital status, mental or physical disability, national origin, race, religious affiliation, sex, sexual orientation, or veteran status in its activities, admissions, educational programs, and employment.