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English 101: Frederick, MD Theme: Evaluating Resources

Find Better Web Sources with Google

Type your keywords into Google and add the site: command, leaving a space between your words and the command. This will allow you to limit your web search to a specific domain. Only one domain can be searched at a time.

Copy and paste a command below to give it a try:


Subject Specific Search Engines

Try these search engines created to find resources that might be hidden from Google:

How to Evaluate Websites using the CRAAP Test

The CRAAP Test takes you through a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. The different quality measures will be more or less important depending on your situation or need. Give it a try!

Currency:  How old is this information?

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Does your topic require current information?
  • Are the links on the site functional?

Relevance: Does this information help me finish my assignment?

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too easy or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use?

 Authority: Is whoever created this an expert on the subject?

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
  • Is the author qualified to write on the topic? 
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
  • Does the URL (.edu/.gov/.com) reveal anything about the author or source?

 Accuracy:  How much can I trust this information?

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or verified by someone other than the author?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or typing errors?

Purpose: Why was this information created?

  • What is the purpose of the information?  Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain, persuade?
  • Is the information factual, opinion, or propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?

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